New publication: Mitigation Commitments and Fair Effort Sharing in a New Comprehensive Climate Agreement Starting 2020

Ecofys, Climate Analytics, the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, the NewClimate Institute, the Oeko-Institute and the Wuppertal Institute have published a new report on effort sharing in the new climate agreement to be adopted at the Paris Conference in December 2015 and to be applied starting in 2020.

Countries’ mitigation contributions are one central element in the negotiations. By the end of October 2015, 128 Parties had submitted their “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs), reflecting 155 countries, and covering around 87% of global emissions and 88% of global population.

Ever since the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed upon, the level of ambition as well as the fair balance between parties has been the linchpin of negotiations. How can negotiations ensure that aggregate action by parties suffices to achieve the jointly agreed goal to limit warming below 2°C – or even 1.5°C as called for by the most vulnerable countries, in light of current science? How can a fair and equitable distribution of effort be enshrined in the agreement? How to move forward action on mitigation and adaption, and reconcile this with the pursuit of countries’ development aspirations and needs?

While the process of INDC submissions showed that most countries are to some extent willing to contribute to climate change mitigation, it was not possible yet to include a centralised assessment of country contributions. The level of ambition of contributions as well as the establishment of an assessment and review process will remain to be in the center of negotiations at the Paris Conference.

Against this background, the new report offers deliberations on what a “fair share” of mitigation in 2025 and 2030 could be. It shows, for a selection of ten countries – Brazil, China, the European Union (EU), India, Japan, Mexico, Morocco, Russia, South Africa, and the United States of America (USA) – , how their respective INDCs perform if related to different fair share approaches and effort sharing models. These assessments also take into account national mitigation potential and costs and the wider context of socio-economic development of the countries. Finally, current policies and politics of each country are included in the assessments.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: Air Pollution Causes Millions of Deaths Each Year, World Health Organisation Says

This week’s roundup features the publication of new estimates of the impacts of air pollution by the World Health Organisation, a discussion of China’s renewable energy prospects, new figures on renewable energy deployment and costs in the US, UK, Italy and Germany, the German government being able to give a single example of a company leaving the country due to energy prices, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: Germany Projected to Miss Emission Targets Due to New Government’s Energy Policy

This week’s roundup covers a sobering analysis of what impacts the new German government’s energy policy can be expected to have, an analysis of whether the major economies will meet their 2020 pledges, the US tabling its vision for the 2015 climate agreement, an analysis of the Boxer-Sanders climate bill, a proposal for breaking the deadlock on a 2030 EU renewables target, Denmark’s cross-party consensus to be a climate frontrunner, India switching water pumps from diesel to solar, a vision of the Western Balkans as new Desertec, the results of the first year of free public transport in Talinn, and another major sign of the collapse of the Clean Development Mechanism.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: There’s No Warming Standstill, World Metereological Organisation says

This week’s roundup covers the WMO (once again) debunking the notion that there has been a pause in global warming, a report showing that fossil fuel subsidies are as high as they ever were, an open letter by Japanese scientists arguing that nuclear power is not the answer to climate change, continuing discussions on post-2020 European climate and energy policy, a study saying that Europe is losing its climate policy frontrunner status, 2013 renewables installation figures from around the world bearing out this view, discussions about Germany’s future renewables policy, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: Clean Investment Potentially Turning the Corner But Has a Long Way to Go

This week’s roundup features a projection that clean energy investment may be on the upswing again, a report saying that it’s still only 1/3 of what’s needed, a study saying that wind can in fact be a boon for grid reliability, an interview with John Schellnhuber, a study saying energy efficiency could save European consumers hundreds of billions of euros, the World Bank’s president backing fossil fuel divestment, Obama’s state of the union address, China’s growth of coal consumption slowing down, Chris Huhne attacking Cameron over fracking in the UK, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: China Smashes Germany’s Solar Installation Record While Europe is Content With Low Ambition

This week’s roundup features the European Commission’s proposals for post-2020 climate and energy policy, the new German government’s plans to overhaul the renewable energy law, studies on the benefits of renewables and efficiency in Europe and Germany, solar installation figures from China, India and Japan, ambitious solar plans in Kenya, a report saying that Obama’s executive authority on climate policy goes quite far, an HBSC report saying that ambitious climate policy could halve the value of coal companies’ assets, a study saying that climate change could increase the frequency of devastating El Niños, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: All Eyes on the EU Commission’s Forthcoming 2030 Climate and Energy Proposals

Service announcement: I will in future try to always publish my roundups on Friday since I recently started having other stuff to on the week-end. At any rate, the roundups will be published at some point between Friday and Sunday evening.

This week’s roundup covers an assessment of the scenarios underlying the European Commissions forthcoming post-2020 climate and energy proposals, warnings of European climate impacts and job losses that would follow from insufficient climate policy, falling global clean energy investment, ambitious Kenyan solar plans, rising US emissions, current and former US politicians and business people gearing up to fight for stronger climate policy, the Northeastern US states tightening their emission trading system, Germany’s 2013 power sector figures, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: Reasons for Optimism on Climate Action?

This week’s roundup features a plea for optimism on climate action, Wall Street and Deutsche Bank going crazy about solar, renewable energy developments in South Africa, Latin America, the US, Italy, China and India, the EU’s debate about its post-2020 climate and energy framework heating up, news from the German energy transition, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: New Study on Cloud Formation Says Earth Likely to Warm by 4°C by 2100

This week’s roundup features more bad news from climate science, a portrait of John Kerry as a man on a mission, optimistic projections for renewables and e-mobility, dropping German power prices, a ranking of renewables installations per capita, decreasing electricity consumption in Australia, a call for a bottom-up energy transition, and more.


Climate News of the Week Roundup: The Error of Thinking that All Emission Reductions Are Created Equal and Thus Tradable

This week’s roundup features a rather critical perspective on the UN climate negotiations, a new article arguing that looking only at short-term emission reduction costs makes for a bad long-term climate strategy, a study saying that reducing emissions will deliver dozens of billions worth of immediate benefits to the UK, wind and solar starting to outcompete gas in the US, the US being on track to install more solar than Germany this year, the New England states teaming up to promote efficiency, renewables and gas, a Stanford study saying that offshore wind farms could protect against hurricanes, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development limiting coal financing, plans for a European mega solar factory, and more.